Learning Area: Humanities

Subject Description 

Plate tectonics and Landforms focuses on investigating the characteristics of the natural environment from a global perspective to a more local level. The interaction between people and the environment are explored to determine the extent to which human activity has influenced the changes to this natural environment. An investigation into seismic activity, specifically volcanic and earthquake events is explored using studies drawn from the Asia-Pacific region.

Geographies of Human Wellbeing focuses on investigating global, national and local differences in human wellbeing between places. This unit examines the different concepts and measures of human wellbeing, and the causes of global differences in these measures between countries. Students explore spatial differences in wellbeing within and between countries, and evaluate the differences from a variety of perspectives. They explore programs designed to reduce the gap between differences in wellbeing. These distinctive aspects of human wellbeing are investigated using studies drawn from Australia, India and across the world as appropriate.


Geographic knowledge and understanding  

By the end of Year 10, students explain how the interaction between geographical processes at different scales can change the characteristics of places. They predict changes in the characteristics of places and environments over time, across space and at different scales and explain the predicted consequences of change. Students identify, analyse and explain significant interconnections between people, places and environments and explain changes that result from these interconnections and their consequences. They propose explanations for distributions, patterns and spatial variations over time, across space and at different scales, and identify and describe significant associations between distribution patterns. They evaluate alternative views on a geographical challenge and alternative strategies to address this challenge using environmental, social and economic criteria and propose and justify a response.        

Geospatial skills  

Students use initial research to develop and modify geographically significant questions to frame an inquiry. They collect and critically evaluate a range of primary and secondary sources and select relevant geographical data and information to answer inquiry questions. Students accurately represent multi-variable data in a range of appropriate graphic forms, which comply with cartographic conventions. They evaluate data to make generalisations and inferences, propose explanations for significant patterns and trends to predict outcomes. They synthesise data and information to draw reasoned conclusions. Students present findings from fieldwork and develop explanations using relevant geographical terminology and graphic representations in a range of appropriate communication forms. They evaluate their findings and propose action in response to a contemporary geographical challenge taking account of environmental, economic and social considerations. They explain the predicted outcomes and consequences of their proposal.  


Plate tectonics test  
Demographics research task